Case Studies

12 September 2018

The escalation of the US-China trade war serves as a reminder that countries suffer differently under trade frictions depending on their relative trade positions. The impact of tariffs on trade and trade diversion are notoriously difficult to estimate. However, looking at trade sectors, past expansions should reveal where trade frictions are likely to have the biggest impact. China and the US maintain very narrow trade patterns in their bilateral goods trade and are therefore highly susceptible

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20 Aug 2018

Turkey faces a potentially severe economic crisis amid poor domestic economic policy decisions and mounting sanctions by the U.S. While Turkey has sustained high economic growth since 2010 of 6.5 percent per year, the recent sharp depreciation of the lira from 3.80 lira to the dollar at end-2017 to 6.01 lira on 17 August risks destabilising the economy and undermine its capacity to service its external debt. An economic crisis would naturally impact Turkey’s bilateral international trade relations.

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23 April 2018

The product iron or steel structures and parts thereof HS730890 forms part of grouping HS7308 structures of iron or steel and parts thereof; plates, rods, angles, shapes, sections, tubes and the like, prepared for use in structures of chapter HS73 iron and steel articles. Grouping HS7308 comprises 4 other products: HS730810 iron or steel; structures and parts thereof; bridges and bridge-sections; HS730820 iron or steel; structures and parts thereof, towers and lattice masts

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23 April 2018

The product live plants HS 060290 forms part of the chapter HS06 trees and other plants, live; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage. Chapter HS06 comprises 4 groupings: HS0601 bulbs, tubers, tuberous roots, corms, crowns and rhizomes; dormant, in growth or in flower; chicory plants and roots other than roots of heading no. 1212; H 0602 plants, live; n.e.s. in heading no. 0601, (including their roots) cuttings and slips; mushroom spawn; HS0603 flowers; cut flowers and flower buds of a kind suitable

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23 April 2018

The sector sausages and similar products of meat, meat offal or blood; food preparations based on these products HS 1601 forms part of the chapter HS16 meat, fish or crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates and preparations thereof that comprises 4 other groupings: HS 1602 Prepared or preserved meat, meat offal or blood; Hs 1603 Extracts and juices of meat,

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