The product live plants HS 060290 forms part of the chapter HS06 trees and other plants, live; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage. Chapter HS06 comprises 4 groupings: HS0601 bulbs, tubers, tuberous roots, corms, crowns and rhizomes; dormant, in growth or in flower; chicory plants and roots other than roots of heading no. 1212; H 0602 plants, live; n.e.s. in heading no. 0601, (including their roots) cuttings and slips; mushroom spawn; HS0603 flowers; cut flowers and flower buds of a kind suitable for bouquets or for ornamental purposes, fresh, dried, dyed, bleached, impregnated or otherwise prepared; HS0604 foliage, branches and other parts of plants, without flowers or flower buds, and grasses, mosses and lichens; suitable for bouquets or for ornamental purposes, fresh, dried, dyed, bleached, impregnated etc.
Live plants HS 060290 attract average import tariffs in 2017 (applied most favoured nations) of 0.0 percent in Japan, 2.3 percent in the U.S., 7.0 percent in the E.U. and 7.1. percent in China.
The hanse query example shows EU-15 as reporter. Other reporting countries can also be used. The partners are entered as All, encompassing all countries, to allow subsequent analyses of market share developments and to filter countries’ market share relations. The period chosen is 2010 to 2016. The sectors comprise products HS060290 and related products HS060220 and HS060230.
Figure 1. Entry mask
The hanse query example shows EU-15 as reporter. Other reporting countries can also be used. The partners are entered as All, encompassing all countries, to allow subsequent analyses of market share developments and to filter countries’ market share relations.
The live plants sector HS060290 constitutes US$3.5 billion of imports of the EU15, U.S., China and Japan combined. The E.U. has remained by far the largest importer of HS060290, representing 85 percent of total imports of the EU15, U.S., China and Japan combined in 2016. The sector marks a decline representing 0.07 percent of EU15 imports in 2016 compared with 0.09 percent in 2010 with the total value of EU15 imports being US$3.0 billion in 2016.
The decline of HS060290 contrasts with the expansion of EU15 agricultural imports in 2010-16 from 12.5 percent of total imports in 2010 to 14.4 percent in 2016. The sector share of the chapter trees and other plants HS06 has declined from 2.7 percent of total EU15 agricultural imports in 2010 to 2.3 percent in 2016.
Table 1. Sector HS060290
Percent of agricultural products (HS 0, 1, 20-23)
Figure 2. Fastest growing markets HS060290
Bubble, US$ million, import of HS060290 in 2016
The related sectors HS 060220 plants, live; edible fruit or nut trees, shrubs and bushes, grafted or not and 060230 plants, live; rhododendrons and azaleas, grafted or not have remained very small in EU15 imports and similarly in the U.S., China and Japan.
The Netherlands has remained the largest trading partner in HS060290 of the EU15 in 2016. It gained market share from 60.0 percent in 2010 to 67.9 percent in 2016. Germany has lost market share from 8.3 percent in 2010 to 6.3 percent in 2016. The ten largest trading partners have seen an increase in their combined market from 94.6 percent in 2010 to 95.9.5 percent in 2016 though due entirely to the expansion of the Netherlands. The high combined market share points to a persistent high market concentration in HS060290.
The largest 10 trading partners of the EU15 represent 71 percent of EU15 imports of HS730890. Except for Poland, new challenger countries have increased their market share in EU15 fast expanding by more than 8 percentage points between 2010 and 2016.
Figure 3. Largest market share HS060290
EU15 imports, 2016
The sector has seen some new entrants with the 10 countries with the fastest growing market share in 2010-16 increasing their combined market share by 9 percentage points to 73.9 percent in 2016 though due largely to the Netherlands that expanded its market share the most with 7.9 percentage points. Slovakia, Spain and Morocco have seen the most important increase in market share in HS060290 in 2010-16 albeit from a low base in the case of Slovakia and Morocco.
Figure 4. Fastest growing market share HS060290
EU15 imports, 2010-16
China imports of live bulbs HS060110
The product live bulbs HS060110 nearly doubled in China’s imports from US$53 million in 2010 to US$101 million in 2016. Live bulbs HS060110 is China’s fastest growing import and largest import among chapter HS06 trees and other plants in contrast to the EU15. The Netherlands dominate the product. Germany is not among the 10 largest partner countries. Chile and France increased their market share the most between 2010 and 2016 amid a decline in the market share of the Netherlands.
Figure 5.Fastest growing sector shares of HS06
China imports, US$ million, 2010-16
Figure 6. Fastest growing market shares in meat preparations of fowls HS060110
China imports, US$ million, 2010-16
Trade classification—The Harmonised System (HS) of 2002 distinguishes 98 chapters, 1245 groupings and 5226 products. The HS is the main international trade classification and classifies goods on a common basis for customs purposes and uses a 6-digit classification. The first two digits identify the chapter of the good, e.g. 09 = coffee, tea, maté and spices; the next two digits identify the groupings within that chapter, e.g.09.02 = tea, whether or not flavoured; the next two digits identify the product, e.g. 09.02.10 = green tea (not fermented).
Sector share—Share of a sector in a reporting country’s total imports or exports.
U.S. total import in 2016 is US$2,248.2 billion. Motor cars 8703 (HS AG4) represents US$173.3 billion. Motor cars in 2016 therefore has a sector share of 173.3/2248.2 * 100 = 7.7 percent.
U.S. total import in 2002 is US$1,200.1 billion. Motor cars in 2002 represents US$115.8 billion. Motor cars in 2002 have a sector share of 9.7 percent.
Motor cars have therefore declined in total U.S. imports from representing 9.7 percent of total U.S. imports in 2002 to representing 7.7 percent of total U.S. imports.
Market share—Share of a partner country in imports or exports of a reporting country/region per sector or in aggregate.
U.S. total imports of motor cars (8703 HS AG4) in 2016 is US$173.3 billion. Germany in 2016 in U.S. import of motor cars represents US$22.2 billion. Germany has a market share in motor cars in 2016 of 22.2/173.3 * 100 = 12.8 percent.
Germany has a market share in 2002 in motor cars of 17.9/115.8 * 100 = 9.7 percent. Germany has therefore lost market share in motor cars between 2002 and 2016.
U.S. total import in 2016 is US$2,248.3 billion. Germany in U.S. total import in 2016 represents US$116.3 billion. Germany has a total market share in U.S. import in 2016 of 116.3/2248.3*100 = 5.2 percent. Germany has in 2002 a total markets share of 5.3 percent. Germany has therefore lost total market in U.S. imports between 2002 and 2016.