The sector sausages and similar products of meat, meat offal or blood; food preparations based on these products HS 1601 forms part of the chapter HS16 meat, fish or crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates and preparations thereof that comprises 4 other groupings: HS 1602 Prepared or preserved meat, meat offal or blood; Hs 1603 Extracts and juices of meat, fish or crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates; HS 1604Prepared or preserved fish; caviar and caviar substitutes prepared from fish eggs; and HS 1605 Crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates, prepared or preserved.
The grouping HS1601 attracts average import tariffs in 2017 (applied most favoured nations) of 10.0 percent in Japan, 3.3 percent in the U.S., 15.4 percent in the E.U. and 15.0. percent in China.
The hanse query example shows EU-15 as reporter. Other reporting countries can also be used. The partners are entered as All, encompassing all countries, to allow subsequent analyses of market share developments and to filter countries’ market share relations. The period chosen is 2010 to 2016.
Figure 1. Entry mask
The hanse query example shows EU-15 as reporter. Other reporting countries can also be used. The partners are entered as All, encompassing all countries, to allow subsequent analyses of market share developments and to filter countries’ market share relations.
The sausage sector (HS1601) constitutes US$2.3 billion of imports of the EU15, U.S., China and Japan combined. The E.U. has remained by far the largest importer of HS1601, representing 91 percent of total imports of the EU15, U.S., China and Japan combined in 2016. The sector marks an expansion representing 0.05 percent of EU15 imports in 2016 compared with 0.04 percent in 2010 with the total value of EU15 imports being US$2.1 billion in 2016.
The modest expansion of HS1601 follows the expansion of EU15 agricultural imports in 2010-16 from 12.5 percent of total imports in 2010 to 14.4 percent in 2016. The chapter meat HS16 has expanded slightly relative to agricultural imports.
Table 1. Sector HS1601
Percent of agricultural products (HS 0, 1, 20-23)
Figure 2. Fastest growing markets HS1601 Imports, 2010-16
US$ million, import growth of HS1601, 2010-16
Bubble, US$ million, import of HS1601 in 2016
Germany has remained the largest trading partner in HS1601 of the EU15 in 2016. It lost market share from 30.4 percent in 2010 to 25.5 percent in 2016. The ten largest trading partner have seen a reduction in their combined market from 92.3 percent in 2010 to 90.5 percent in 2016 pointing to a persistent high market concentration.
Figure 3. Largest market share HS1601
EU15 imports, 2016
The sector has seen some new entrants with the 10 countries with the fastest growing market share in 2010-16 increasing their combined market share by 8 percentage points to 40.2 percent in 2016. Spain, Poland and Portugal have seen the most significant increase in market share in HS1601 in 2010-16.
Figure 4. Fastest growing market share HS1601
EU15 imports, 2010-16
Other meat preparation sectors
HS1601 is among the largest groupings of meat preparation products in HS16. Related products at 6 digits from 160100 to 160290 include 160232 include 160232 meat preparations of fowls, duck, geese and 160241 meat preparations of swine, hams and cuts. Meat preparations of fowls and swine have expanded relatively rapidly from a combined value of US$3.4 billion in 2010 to US$4.0 billion in 2016.
Meat preparation of fowls HS160232 represents the fastest expanding grouping among meat preparations. The grouping has seen a significant transformation by trading partner with the 10 fastest growing countries increasing their combined market share from 36.2 percent in 2010 to 51.1 percent in 2016.
Figure 5. Fastest growing sector shares of HS1601-1602
EU15 imports, US$ million, 2010-16
Figure 6. Fastest growing market shares in meat preparations of fowls HS160232
EU15 imports, percentage points, 2010-16
Trade classification—The Harmonised System (HS) of 2002 distinguishes 98 chapters, 1245 groupings and 5226 products. The HS is the main international trade classification and classifies goods on a common basis for customs purposes and uses a 6-digit classification. The first two digits identify the chapter of the good, e.g. 09 = coffee, tea, maté and spices; the next two digits identify the groupings within that chapter, e.g.09.02 = tea, whether or not flavoured; the next two digits identify the product, e.g. 09.02.10 = green tea (not fermented).
Sector share—Share of a sector in a reporting country’s total imports or exports.
U.S. total import in 2016 is US$2,248.2 billion. Motor cars 8703 (HS AG4) represents US$173.3 billion. Motor cars in 2016 therefore has a sector share of 173.3/2248.2 * 100 = 7.7 percent.
U.S. total import in 2002 is US$1,200.1 billion. Motor cars in 2002 represents US$115.8 billion. Motor cars in 2002 have a sector share of 9.7 percent.
Motor cars have therefore declined in total U.S. imports from representing 9.7 percent of total U.S. imports in 2002 to representing 7.7 percent of total U.S. imports.
Market share—Share of a partner country in imports or exports of a reporting country/region per sector or in aggregate.
U.S. total imports of motor cars (8703 HS AG4) in 2016 is US$173.3 billion. Germany in 2016 in U.S. import of motor cars represents US$22.2 billion. Germany has a market share in motor cars in 2016 of 22.2/173.3 * 100 = 12.8 percent.
Germany has a market share in 2002 in motor cars of 17.9/115.8 * 100 = 9.7 percent. Germany has therefore lost market share in motor cars between 2002 and 2016.
U.S. total import in 2016 is US$2,248.3 billion. Germany in U.S. total import in 2016 represents US$116.3 billion. Germany has a total market share in U.S. import in 2016 of 116.3/2248.3*100 = 5.2 percent. Germany has in 2002 a total markets share of 5.3 percent. Germany has therefore lost total market in U.S. imports between 2002 and 2016.